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After conflict, potentially mined areas will require evidence-based survey, which will identify the real mined areas. These areas will be released by technical survey and clearance.
A non-technical survey combines a desk assessment with field observations and interviewing informants. The survey gathers and analyses past records, land use and visible signs of mines. Fairly accurate mined areas may eventually be defined.
Technical survey (TS) uses various intrusive assets that can detect or destroy mines. TS may assist defining the boundaries of mined areas and the location of mines inside these areas.
Targeted inspection is used where there are obvious targets of likely mined areas within the Confirmed Hazardous Area. Systematic inspection is used where there are no obvious targets that are more likely mined than others.
Clearance is the process of removing the actual mines. Technical Survey (TS) typically identifies the outskirt of a mine pattern, which triggers an inside-out clearance approach.
Land can be released by survey and clearance. While the decision to release land is based on the quality of the survey and clearance process, it is essential that end users are confident that the land is safe to use after release.